6.Phrase Tags of HTML

HTML Phrase Tags

This article is about HTML Phrase Tags.The phrase tags have been desicolgned for specific purposes, though they are displayed in a similar way as other basic tags like <b>, <i>, <pre>, and <tt>, you have seen in previous chapter. This chapter will take you through all the important phrase tags, so let’s start seeing them one by one.

Emphasized Text

Anything that appears within <em>…</em> element is displayed as emphasized text.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Emphasized Text Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>The following word uses a <em>emphasized</em> typeface.</p>
</body>
</html>

This will produce the following result:

HTML Phrase Tags

Marked Text

Anything that appears with-in <mark>…</mark> element, is displayed as marked with yellow ink.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Marked Text Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>The following word has been <mark>marked</mark> with yellow</p>

</body>
</html>

This will produce the following result:

The following word has been marked with yellow.

Strong Text

Anything that appears within <strong>…</strong> element is displayed as important text.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Strong Text Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>The following word uses a <strong>strong</strong> typeface.</p>
</body>
</html>

This will produce the following result:

The following word uses a strong typeface.

Text Abbreviation


You can abbreviate a text by putting it inside opening <abbr> and closing </abbr> tags. If present, the title attribute must contain this full description and nothing else.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Text Abbreviation</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>My best friend’s name is <abbr title=”Abhishek”>Abhy</abbr>.</p>
</body>

</html>

This will produce the following result:

My best friend's name is Abhy.

Acronym Element


The <acronym> element allows you to indicate that the text between <acronym> and </acronym> tags is an acronym.
At present, the major browsers do not change the appearance of the content of the <acronym> element.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Acronym Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>This chapter covers marking up text in <acronym>XHTML</acronym>.</p>
</body>
</html>

This will produce the following result:

This chapter covers marking up text in XHTML

Text Direction


The <bdo>…</bdo> element stands for Bi-Directional Override and it is used to override the current text direction.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Text Direction Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>This text will go left to right.</p>
<p><bdo dir=”rtl”>This text will go right to left.</bdo></p>

</body>
</html>

This will produce the following result:

This text will go left to right.
This text will go right to left.

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